Gerd is a chronic disease that is characterized by the reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus. This phenomena is called Heartburn. It is a burning and painful sensation in the esophagus area that also radiates in the surrounding area. There are a number of other medical conditions that can lead to GERD such as the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, hypercalcemia, scleroderma, and gallstones.
Peptic ulcer is an ulcer of the areas within the gastrointestinal tract. It is caused by a bacterium living in the stomach acid. This bacteria is the helicobacter pylori. The family of peptic ulcers include gastric ulcer caused by high acidity level in the stomach. There is also the duodenal ulcer that is caused by high acidity level in the duodenum. The esophageal ulcer, on the other hand, is caused by high acidity in the esophagus. Ulcers can also be caused by other medical conditions such as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD. Tumors can also be one reason for the presence of ulcers. On the other hand, There are instances when the antacids can aggravate instead of treat a peptic ulcer.
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is a disease caused by the overproduction of gastrin. Gastrin is the hormone that stimulates production of gastric juices in the stomach. Overproduction of this hormone will lead to hyperacidity, which in turn, can lead to ulcers in the duodenum and stomach. This syndrome has been associated with the presence of a tumor called gastrinoma, the cause of excessive gastrin production.
Hypercalcemia is the increase of calcium level of the body that can also lead to hyperacidity. It can be caused by various medical conditions such as parathyroid problems, malignant tumors, vitamin D metabolic disorders, and renal failure. Its treatments consists of initial and additional therapies that includes fluid and diuretics, and medicines such as calcitonin that aims to improve calcium reabsorption.
Gallstones, on the other hand, impedes bile flow to some parts of the body, for example to the duodenum. This condition is caused by abnormal body chemistry, weight, bladder movement, and diet. This process will also lead to high stomach acidity because of impaired ability to stabilize the gastric acid.
Aside from these medical conditions, experts say that hyperacidity can be triggered by stress and other psychological factors. These factors includes anxiety and depression. In fact, hyperacidity has been found to go hand in hand with Insomnia, another medical condition with psychological causes. In such cases, the high acidity level is stabilized by hyperacidity medications, more known as antacids.
There are many medical treatments available today for hyperacidity. Not all, however, were established to be effective. That is why, homeopathic treatment is also available that also considers the psychological balancing of the patient. Usually, using both the conventional and the homeopathic treatment proves to be effective in treating hyperacidity.